After a very filling breakfast it was time to head out into the sugar bush! We were ready to learn about the history of maple syrup. The sun was shining, snow is melting and the village is once again coming to life!
It was such a beautiful morning to stroll through the woods hearing about sap, syrup and sugar. Our first stop was "The Science of Maple Sugaring". Here we learned how exactly they determined how much sugar was in the sap.
The thermometer-like gadget he is holding is how the sugar content is measured. He would place the measuring device into the metal container filled with sap.
No matter how long we have been attending this event we always learn something new. You can see here he is placing the stick into the sap. It showed us that this sap was about 2 percent sugar.
The next stop was to see an 1850's Evaporator. This was something let me tell you. Most of the sugaring was done outdoors. The evaporators were set up right near the maple trees so they didn't have to transport the sap very far.
The men were busy getting the fire going so we did not stop here. It was pretty interesting though watching how this was done in 1850. I still want to do more research to see how maple syrup was discovered. I have heard many stories of an Indian throwing a hatchet into the tree and the sap dripping down onto something hot. Still not certain of that one yet. It would have been a great question to ask one of the interpreters.
The next station we stopped at was "Age of Wood: Early Settlers Learn Maple Sugaring". Here the man is making his own spiel out of wood. This was very neat to watch him carve down a piece of wood. Whenever we are at the museum we cannot help but think of Laura Ingalls Wilder and her books. In her first book, "Little House in the Big Woods" she has a chapter about maple sap, syrup and sugar. She also mentions how Pa would spend the winter making the buckets and troughs.
"All winter," Pa said, "Grandpa has been making wooden buckets and little troughs. He made them of cedar and white ash, for those woods won't give a bad taste to the maple syrup." ~ Little House in the Big Woods
The man behind the woman speaking was making a trough to catch the sap. The interesting this we learned was that the trough would be buried under the tree so the farmer would no have to store it. That was pretty ingenious of them. I think modern day we tend to make things just too complicated.
Handmade spiels made from a piece of wood. Hannah thought they looked like big pencils with the hole burnt at the end.
As we continued on the Maple History Trail our next stop was "The Sugar Camp". This is one of my favorite stops on the trail.
The largest kettle hold the fresh sap. After a while of boiling it is then poured into the middle kettle for yet more boiling. Then finally the smallest kettle will become syrup. I know when we made syrup last year it took about 10 hours to boil the sap. I had a much smaller pot then these three.
"He empties the sap into the iron kettle. There is a big bonfire under the kettle, and the sap boils, and Grandpa watches it carefully. The fire must be hot enough to keep the sap boiling, but not hot enough to make it boil over." ~ Little House in the Big Woods
Once the sap becomes syrup, if you continue to boil it down you will have maple sugar. This is how they would have preserved the syrup. You need to work quickly with the sugar if you want to place it into molds because it will harden very quickly.
The sugar was then used in baking and to sweet anything you desired. Remember, white sugar was not readily available to early settlers. If you have never tried maple sugar you really should!
Maple Sugar was often stored in a block, then they could shred off or break off what they needed. The next few pictures there will be no descriptions.
The wood was fed in through the black door. The sap is then boiled down much like it was in the 1800's.
This gentleman was telling us about the different grades of maple syrup. The different colors in the syrup has to do with how late in spring the sap was collected.
The darker the syrup the stronger the flavor. It takes close to 40 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup!
So after finishing our hike on the Maple History Trail we headed into the village to see what was going on out there.
Even the trees in the village were tapped. The familiar smells started rushing back to us. We could hardly wait to visit the houses that were opened. Through out the village and nature center there was a hidden "Phineas" doll made out of yarn. Hannah and Katrina had fun searching for them.
Our next stop was the Livingston-Backus house where we were able to try 1-2-3-4 cake with maple frosting. This was SO good. I plan on making it soon and sharing it all with you!!
Something new at the museum (at least we have not seen this before today) is the smokehouse. The hams they were smoking today was from the hogs they butchered in November. I love how they show the complete circle. Remember the tallow candles? I imagine that was also from the butchered hogs.
"Standing on end in the yard was a tall length cut from the trunk of a big hollow tree. Pa had driven nails inside as far as he could reach from each end. Then he stood it up, put a little roof over the top, and cut a little door on one side near the bottom. On the piece that he cut out he fastened leather hinges; then he fitted it into place, and that was the little door, with the bark still on it."~ Little House in the Big Woods
This ham has been in the smokehouse for about 2 days. This was so interesting! I am looking forward to seeing more about the smokehouse this year.
This ham has been in the smokehouse a lot longer as you can see from the darker color. It almost looks burnt. The hams are first placed into a brine then hung up in the smoker. The blackened shell is cut away once the hams are completely cured.
The fire is off to the right just inside the door. I have always wanted to see a smokehouse.
We had the best day just strolling around the museum. I am so glad we arrived early because when we left there were lines everywhere. I say this often if you are in the Rochester, NY area you must visit here! Opening day is in May. In August there is a Laura Ingalls Wilder days! This is by far one of our favorite events.
I hope you enjoyed this tour as much as we did. I would much rather go here than to Disney any day! Have a blessed evening!